Unit 1.6 Revision Questions

Memory

  1. What is maintenance rehearsal? (2marks)
  2. Define encoding (1 mark)
  3. What are the five processes in the Information Processing Approach (5marks)
  4. Outline two criticisms of the Multi Store Model (4 marks)
  5. Outline one of the stores in the Multi Store Model (2 marks)
  6. What does capacity mean? (1 mark)
  7. What did Terry (2005) aim to study? (1 mark)
  8. Outline one memory aid (3 marks)
  9. What is the capacity of STM? (2 marks)
  10. Outline and evaluate the multi store model (10 marks)
  11. Define deep processing (2 marks)
  12. Define shallow processing (2 marks)
  13. Outline one limitation of Terry’s research(2 marks)
  14. What is an availability problem? (2 marks)
  15. What is an accessibility problem? (2 marks)

Attachment

  1. What was the purpose of attachment according to Bowlby? (1 mark)
  2. Outline how attachment occurs according to the behaviourist approach (4 marks)
  3. Define separation anxiety (1 mark)
  4. Outline the findings of the Strange Situation (3 marks)
  5. Outline one criticism of the Strange Situation (2 marks)
  6. Define monotropy (1 mark)
  7. What is the difference between privation and deprivation (3 marks)
  8. Outline one criticism of Bowlby’s theory (2 marks)
  9. Outline the procedure of Hazan and Shaver’s (1987) study (3 marks)
  10. Outline and evaluate one study into attachment types (10 marks)
  11. Outline and evaluate one theory of attachment (10 marks)
  12. How can research into attachment be applied to real life? (5 marks)

Obedience

  1. Define obedience, defiance and authority (3 marks)
  2. Explain the difference between obedience and defiance (3 marks)
  3. Explain how consensus can effect obedience (2 marks)
  4. Outline the Theory of Situational Factors (4 marks)
  5. Outline the Theory of Dispositional Factors (4 marks)
  6. Explain one criticism of the theory of situational factors (2 marks)
  7. Describe and evaluate one theory of obedience (10 marks)
  8. Describe and evaluate Bickman’s (1974) research into the effect of uniform on obedience (10 marks)
  9. Outline one way in which research into obedience can be applied. (4 marks)
  10. Outline two criticisms of Bickman’s research (4 marks)

Phobias

  1. Define atypical and typical behaviour (2 marks)
  2. Outline and evaluate one study into phobias (10 marks)
  3. Outline and evaluate one theory of atypical behaviour (10 marks)
  4. Explain the stages of classical conditioning (4 marks)
  5. Outline the sample used in Watson and Rayner’s study (2 marks)
  6. Outline one evaluation of Watson and Rayner’s study (2 marks)
  7. Explain two evaluation points for classical conditioning theory (4 marks)
  8. Define the following: Arachnophobia, school phobia and social phobia (3 marks)
  9. Outline one way in which research into phobias can be applied to real life
  10. How does a fear get extinguished? (2 marks)

Sex and Gender

  1. Explain the difference between sex and gender (3 marks)
  2. Outline the results of Diamond and Sigmundson’s research into Brenda (3 marks)
  3. Outline and evaluate one study into sex and gender (10 marks)
  4. Outline and evaluate one theory of how sex and gender develop (10 marks)
  5. What is the psychodynamic theory of how gender roles develop? (4 marks)
  6. Outline one evaluation of Diamond and Sigmundon’s (2 marks)
  7. Outline two evaluation points of the biological theory of sex and gender (4 marks)
  8. Identify the male and female sex chromosomes (2 marks)
  9. Name the hormone associated with females (1 mark)
  10. Outline what is meant by the Oedipus complex (3 marks)
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